Reconciling economic growth and environment protection: restoration techniques and decarbonisation
European ports are the main door of access to enter Europe and Middle-East territories for transports from all over the world. The growth of sea traffic introduces critical points in terms of environmental sustainability concerning harbors as central location of import/export traffic.The impacts of trade, industrial and construction activities as well as the auxiliary services concentrated in coastal areas, often on the border of a town center, can produce negative effects both to the natural eco-sys Ports represent in this sense the most important and critical transit area between the sea, the city and the inlands.
In fact, in several cases port areas are situated in close juxtaposition to urban areas and may even be bounded by, or include, areas of special environmental significance due to the presence of protected habitats and ecosystems.
In this respect there is clear need of specific attention to reconcile economic growth and protection of environment. In order to tackle this problem, the NEREIDAS project aims to develop a standardization tool for the implementation of preventive and compensatory measures for environmental impacts related to transport and port activities.
The project will also aim to provide adequate solutions to minimize CO2 emissions, biodiversity reduction and external costs in Mediterranean ports, while at the same time minimizing the potential environmental impact of new infrastructure. NEREIDAS is cofunded by the TEN-T programme.
Nearly 50 delegates attended the NEREIDAS workshop in Malaga on the 2nd of April.
NEREIDAS is specifically supporting decarbonisation namely in the area of carbon dioxide capture and geological storage (CCS), where previous studies indicate that seven million tons of CO2 could be stored by 2020, and up to 160 million tons by 2030, assuming a 20 % reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 provided that CCS obtains private, national and Community support and proves to be an environmentally safe technology.
Main steps to achieve the objectives of NEREIDAS are the development of new sensors to measure the water quality and key properties in near real time and their integration in marine platforms and the development of Early Warning Systems to identify and alert on potentially dangerous situations.
Being in line with the new TEN-T policy on the protection of the environment and of the biodiversity, the NEREIDAS concept candidates itself to further exploitation from the port of Melilla to other ports in Europe.
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